Pension amount and contributions

Your earnings-related pension will be calculated based on all your earnings from both employment and self-employment. When you are self-employed, you will earn pension funds under the Self-employed Persons’ Pensions Act based on your confirmed annual income.

Your pension funds will grow by 1.5% of your confirmed annual income.

Annual earnings x 1.5% / 12 months x Life expectancy coefficient = Pension/month

As a result of the 2017 pension reform, your pension funds will grow by 1.7 per cent between the years 2017-2025 if you are between the ages of 53 and 62.

In addition to your confirmed income, your pension funds will grow also for studies leading to a degree, for certain social security benefits, and for periods when you take care of your own children (at home) under the age of three.

Check your pension record to find out how much pension you have accrued so far.

Check your pension record

If the earnings-related pension you have earned is small or you have earned no earnings-related pension, you may be granted a national pension or a guarantee pension.

Example of how your pension funds grow
Your confirmed income from self-employment €28,000
Accrual rate 1.5%
Monthly amount of pension funds that your earn €28,000 x 1.5% ÷ 12 = €35

If you keep your confirmed income at this level for 10 years, you will have earned a monthly pension of €350.

The earnings-related pension you have accrued will also be adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient determined for your age group.

The amount of your pension funds that you have earned from self-employment is based on your confirmed income throughout your period of self-employment. If you have raised or lowered your earnings-related pension contributions at any point during your self-employment, that will also be taken into account.

It is important that you keep your confirmed income on the correct level at all times. If you raise your confirmed income in the last years of your self-employment, it will not significantly affect the amount of your pension funds.

Insurance contributions

The higher contributions you pay, the higher your pension will be.

The contribution will be collected based on your confirmed income stated in the insurance contract.

Your pension contribution when you are self-employed
If you are under 53 or over 63 If you are between 53 and 62 
24.10% 25.60%

You can deduct the contributions you pay in your taxation to their full amount. The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health confirms the YEL contribution rate each year.

Example of how much your contributions are and the pension funds you earn (in 2021)
How much you would pay in contributions/year
Your confirmed income from self-employment €28,000
Your contribution rate (you are under 53-years-old) 24.10%
The amount you pay in pension contributions per year €28,000 x 24.10% = €6,748 (ca €562/month)
  How much pension you earn/month
Your confirmed income from self-employment  €28,000
 Accrual rate  1.50%
How much your pension funds will grow per month €28,000 x 1.50% ÷ 12 = €35
Your year of birth 1967
Your retirement age 65 years and 5 months
Your expected time life expectancy after retirement 20 years and 11 months
(= 251 months)
The total amount of pension you would get 251 months x 35 euros = €8,785
With the above assumptions, the contributions you have paid (€6,748) will give you an old-age pension of €8,785 in total.

The earnings-related pension you have accrued will also be adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient determined for your age group.

Money value adjustments have not been taken into account in the example. Your accrued pension will be adjusted with the valid wage coefficient up to the time of your retirement and with the earnings-related pension index after you have retired.

Reduction for newly self-employed

If you are a newly self-employed worker, you will receive a 22% discount on your YEL contribution for four years (48 months). If you stop being self-employed before the 48 months are up, you can use the remaining discount months later if you take up self-employment again.

Flexible contributions

You can make your future pension grow more thanks to flexible contributions. This means that, when you are doing well, you can temporarily raise your insurance contribution by 10-100%. When times are tough, you can temporarily reduce your contribution by XX-XX%. In that case, you will earn less in pension funds during that period.

You can pay higher contributions every year if you want, but the restrictions for reducing your contributions are stricter. You have to notify your pension provider of your changed contributions. The change is valid for one year at a time. Increasing or reducing your contributions does not affect your confirmed income, nor does it affect the benefits granted by the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela).

Example of how you earn more pension when you increase your contribution
Your confirmed annual income €28,000
Your contribution rate 24.1%
Amount you pay in contributions each year €28,000 x 24.1% = €6,748
Amount you pay in increased contributions/year €2,500
Your total income from self-employment used when calculating your pension (following the increase in contributions) (€6,748 +€2,500) ÷ 24.1% = €38,373

Interests may also slightly effect the result depending on at white time of year you pay the additional contribution. If you pay it at the beginning of the year, it results in a higher total income than if you increase your contributions with the same amount towards the end of the year.

Example of how you earn less pension when you decrease your contribution
 Your confirmed annual income  €28,000
 Your contribution rate 24.1%
Amount you pay in contributions each year  €28,000 x 24.1% = €6,748
Amount that you decrease your annual contributions with (10% decrease] €520
Your total income from self-employment used when calculating your pension (following the decrease in contributions (€6,748-€520) ÷ 24.1% = €25,842

If you need to raise your confirmed income permanently, contact your pension provider. Together, you can adjust your confirmed income to the correct level.

Calculate your pension

Use the pension calculator to estimate how much pension you will receive.

Year of birth

Select your year of birth. It is needed to calculate your pension. Your retirement age, your target retirement age and the life expectancy coefficient are determined based on your year of birth.

Select the year in which you were born

Birth month

Select your birth month.

Select the month in which you were born

Monthly gross wage

Enter your current (or an estimate of your future) annual wage/income from self-employment at a monthly level, as a whole number (for example, 2500).

Enter your wage (whole number, for example 2500)

Your accrued pension, from your pension record

Check your pension record (www.tyoelake.fi/en/pension-record/) and enter here the total amount (in full euros, for example 800) of pension you have earned by the end of 2020 (excluding any increment for late retirement). The amount has been adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient.

Alternatively, you can estimate the amount of your previously accrued pension by looking at the typical pension accrual of your own age group. See “Statistics on accrued pensions” below.

Enter the accrued pension amount as a whole number, for example, 2500

Select how your wage and salary earnings will develop in the future

Development according to projection means that your own earnings change in the calculator according to the annually estimated wage coefficient development until retirement. When calculating your pension, your earnings are also adjusted with the wage coefficient to the level of the year of retirement. The development of the wage coefficient in the calculator follows the projection of the Finnish Centre for Pensions.

Earnings kept at current level means that your own earnings or the wage coefficient used in indexing do not change.

For more detailed information about the assumptions used by the calculator, check the section About the calculator.

Retirement age

Retirement age

Your retirement age is the first possible age at which you can retire on an old-age pension. The retirement ages are estimates for persons born in 1965 and later.

- Pension estimate/month - €/month
Your target retirement age

Your target retirement age

Because people are living longer, the life expectancy coefficient has been introduced. It reduces the monthly pension you receive. To offset the effect of the life expectancy coefficient, you need to work an additional length of time. This later retirement age is called your target retirement age.

- Pension estimate/month - €/month
Your estimated pension €/month

The pension is in the price level of the ongoing year.



Retirement age

Retirement age

Your retirement age is the first possible age at which you can retire on an old-age pension. The retirement ages are estimates for persons born in 1965 and later.

- years and - months

Chosen retirement age

Calculate your pension

Time of your retirement: -
Earnings-related pension
- €/month

Your earnings-related pension has been adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient -

Your earnings-related pension has been adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient

Your earnings-related pension has been adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient confirmed for the year in which you were born. The life expectancy coefficient adjusts your pension to changes in life expectancy.

Your pre-retirement salary

Your pre-retirement salary

In the calculator, your own wage grows each year according to the wage coefficient if you have selected the alternative in which the general income level grows. Your wage has been converted to the price level of the ongoing year.

- €/month
Your pension relative to your pre-retirement salary
- %

This calculator will calculate the amount of your earnings-related pension. It doesn’t calculate your partial old-age pension or your disability or years-of-service pensions. If you are 55 or older this year, the calculator will also calculate the amount of your national and guarantee pensions, if you qualify for them. You can estimate your pension using this calculator if you were born between 1952 and 2003.  

The calculator will calculate your pension based on the wage you’ve entered into it and the laws that are valid in 2021. To get an estimation that is as close to the truth as possible, enter the amount of your earnings-related pension pot that you’ve earned by the end of 2020. The amount is stated on your pension record. Your final pension cannot be calculated until just before you retire 

If you are a wage earner, your pension pot will start to grow as of age 17. If you are self-employed, the age limit is 18. The calculator will calculate your earned pension as of age 17 and under the assumption that you will not retire early. The calculator will calculate your pension to the age of 70 at the most, at which time you can no longer earn more pension 

The calculator calculates your pension under the assumption that the earned pension you have entered into it has been adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient and does not include an increment for late retirement. If you have already reached your retirement age, the pension you have earned may include an increment for late retirement. 

Calculator’s assumptions on wage development and extended life expectancy  

You can select between two different future general wage developments in this calculator. The option in which the wage level remains unchanged corresponds to the pension record’s baseline projection of your pension. The option in which the wage level grows corresponds to the Finnish Centre for Pensions’ baseline assumption in its long-term projection.

According to that baseline assumption, the earnings level grows, real term, by 1.5 per cent each year. The near-future economic outlook has been taken more closely into account in the calculator. The wage coefficient that your pension is adjusted with to the level of the year in which your pension begins is calculated based on the general wage and price development. Long-term, the real-term annual development is around 1.2%.

The calculator assumes that your earnings grow each year in line with the wage coefficient. That is why your earnings grow slightly less than the average wages of wage earners since the wage coefficient takes into account 80% of the general growth in earnings.

The calculator gives your estimated pension in current prices. The euro amount thus reflects the effect of the wage coefficient adjustment and the growth of your own earnings on your pensions’ purchasing power.

The extended life expectancy that affects the projected retirement ages and life expectancy coefficient are based on the population forecast of Statistics Finland.

The assumptions used by the calculator regarding the life expectancy coefficient, the retirement age and the general earnings and price development are listed in this excel file.

Retirement age

Each birth year group has its own retirement age. The retirement age for those born in 1965 and later is based on the currently estimated life expectancy. The projection is based on Statistics Finland’s population forecast for 2019. Read more about how the retirement ages are determined   

Earning a pension and age at when your insurance obligation ends

Your earnings-related pension pot grows by 1.5 per cent of your annual earnings. If you are between 53 and 62 years old, your pension pot will grow by 1.7% of your annual gross wages between the years 2017 and 2025. If you retire late (after you have reached your retirement age), your pension will be increased by an increment for late retirement (0.4% for each month that you retire late).  

The age when you stop paying pension insurance and your pension pot no longer grows will rise from 68 to 69 (for those born between 1958 and 1961) and 70 (for those born in 1962 and after). 

Life expectancy coefficient

When you retire, your pension pot will be adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient, which depends on your year of birth. The life expectancy coefficient for your age group will be confirmed when you turn 62 years. If you are younger than that, it is an estimate. The estimate is based on Statistics Finland’s population forecast for 2019. 

Wage coefficient

When the amount of your starting pension is calculated, your income from work and self-employment during your working life will be adjusted with the wage coefficient to the level of the year in which you retire. The wage coefficient ensures that the pension you have earned during your working life retains its value. The wage coefficient takes into account 80% of the changes the index of wage and salary earnings and 20% of the changes in the consumer price index. 

Kela pensions

You can get a national or guarantee pension from Kela if you have no or only a small earnings-related pension. Every euro of earnings-related pension that you get will reduce your full national pension by 50 cents until there is no national pension left to pay. Your national pension depends on whether you live alone or with a spouse. You get a guarantee pension if your total pension is below the full amount of the guarantee pension.  Apart from the earnings-related pension, the calculator does not take into account other pensions that may affect your national or guarantee pension. 

All components of your earnings-related pension do not reduce your national pension. The increment for late retirement does not reduce your national pension, but the calculator takes all other components of your earnings-related pension into account as factors reducing your national pension.  

In the national pension scheme, the retirement age is 65 years. As of those born in 1965, the retirement age will be linked to life expectancy, just as in the earnings-related pension scheme. The calculator counts the reduction for early retirement (0.4% per month that you take the pension early) for both the national and the guarantee pension if you retire before you reach the retirement age of the national pension. The calculator also calculates an increase for late retirement if you retire after reaching the retirement age of the national pension. If you were born before 1962, the increment for late retirement is 0.6% for each month that you postpone your retirement and 0.4% if you were born in 1962 or after.  

The calculator calculates your Kela pension providing you have lived long enough in Finland to qualify for a full national pension (80% of the time between you turned 16 and when you retire).   

In the future, the national and the guarantee pension are expected to develop in line with the price index. In real terms, the Kela pension is at the current level in the calculator. 

For more information on the national pension and the guarantee pension, go to Kela’s website. 

By year-end 2020, the different age groups had accrued a median pension as shown in the table below. This means that half of each age group had accrued a higher and half a lower pension than the figure shown in the table for the age group. The accrued median pension has been presented separately for men, women and the combined total.

The accrued pensions have been adjusted with the wage coefficient to the 2021 level and multiplied with the life expectancy coefficient for each birth year.

The data of the table can be used in the calculator, for example, as an estimate of the previously accrued pension. For a more detailed information on your own accrued pension, check your pension record.

Estimate of the accrued pension at year-end 2020, median, €/month

Birth yearMenWomenTotal
2003111
2002333
2001121111
2000202321
1999323433
1998464847
1997666968
1996879089
1995112117114
1994141146144
1993171175174
1992204203204
1991237231234
1990274257265
1989310288298
1988349323334
1987393353369
1986432385405
1985469407432
1984509426459
1983536448484
1982565469509
1981598492536
1980646521572
1979692556613
1978742588651
1977799621695
1976843652733
1975895680771
1974925703796
1973963725827
19721009754862
19711050785895
19701076816925
19691124847967
196811768991018
196712249571072
1966127110051122
1965132710641176
1964138511201236
1963145311671288
1962152112301355
1961160012881419
1960166913541485
1959172014071535
1958176314441572

The statistics includes data of persons who reside in Finland, are insured for an earnings-related pension and who have not retired. The accrued pension for each age group is based on the data for year-end 2019. It has been adjusted to the level at year-end 2020 according to each age group’s previous development.