The longer you work and the later you retire, the higher your pension will be.
Your old-age pension will increase by 0.4% for each month that you retire late, that is, for each month past the month in which you reached your retirement age. The increase is calculated on the entire amount of pension that you have earned throughout your working life until the end of the month before you start drawing your pension.
The increase is not linked to working – your pension will rise regardless of whether you work past your retirement age. There is no upper age limit to the increase for late retirement – you will get it until you finally retire.
|How your old-age pension is calculated if you retire late, example at age 65|
|Your retirement age||64 years|
|Age you actually retire||65 years|
|Number of months in the difference||12 months|
|Total percentage increase to your monthly pension payment||12 months x 0.4% = 4,8%|
|Amount of your monthly old-age pension at your retirement age||€1,650/month|
|Your pension when you retire 12 months late||€1650 + (€1,650 x 4,8%) = €1,729.20/month|
|Your final pension will be adjusted by the life coefficient that is confirmed for the year in which you turn 62 years.|
If you work past your retirement age, you will get both the increase for late retirement and earn a new pension at a rate of 1.5% of your annual earnings from work. You will earn a new pension until you reach the age at which you can no longer take out pension insurance (roughly five years past your retirement age). After that, you can continue to work, but you will not earn a new pension for that work.
Use the pension calculator to estimate how your pension will grow if you continue working and retire late.
Your target retirement age
If you were born in 1955 or later, your birth year will not only have its own retirement age but also a computational target retirement age. It is slightly higher than your retirement age. For example, if you were born in 1955, your target retirement age is 64 years and 1 month.
By working until you reach your target retirement age, you can offset the effect of the life expectancy coefficient. In practice, it means that the increase for late retirement nullifies the reducing effect of the life expectancy coefficient.
Calculate your pension
Use the pension calculator to estimate how much pension you will receive.
Select your year of birth. It is needed to calculate your pension. Your retirement age, your target retirement age and the life expectancy coefficient are determined based on your year of birth.
Select your birth month.
Enter your current (or an estimate of your future) annual wage/income from self-employment at a monthly level, as a whole number (for example, 2500).
Check your pension record and enter here the total amount (in full euros, for example 800) of pension you have earned by the end of 2019 (excluding any increment for late retirement). The amount has been adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient.
Alternatively, you can estimate the amount of your previously accrued pension by looking at the typical pension accrual of your own age group. See “Statistics on accrued pensions” below.
A real growth of 1.5 per cent means that wages will grow 1.5 per cent more than prices.
The general wage development affects the wage coefficient, which is used to adjust your earned pension pot to the value of the year in which you retire.
The development of your own earnings is tied to the wage development you select. The calculator multiplies your earnings each year with the wage coefficient.
Your retirement age is the first possible age at which you can retire on an old-age pension. The retirement ages are estimates for persons born in 1965 and later.- Pension estimate/month - €/month
Because people are living longer, the life expectancy coefficient has been introduced. It reduces the monthly pension you receive. To offset the effect of the life expectancy coefficient, you need to work an additional length of time. This later retirement age is called your target retirement age.- Pension estimate/month - €/month
Target retirement age is not calculated for people born after .
The pension is in the 2020 price level.
Your national pension depends on whether you live alone or with a spouse. If you also get a guarantee pension, your pension amount is the same regardless of whether you live alone or with a spouse.
Retirement age Additional information: Your retirement age is the first possible age at which you can retire on an old-age pension. The retirement ages are estimates for persons born in 1965 and later.
Your retirement age is the first possible age at which you can retire on an old-age pension. The retirement ages are estimates for persons born in 1965 and later.
Chosen retirement age
Check how your selected retirement age affects your estimated pension amount.
Your total pension is the combined amount of your earnings-related, national and guarantee pension.
Your earnings-related pension has been adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient confirmed for the year in which you were born. The life expectancy coefficient adjusts your pension to changes in life expectancy.
In the calculator, your own wage grows each year according to the wage coefficient if you have selected the alternative in which the general income level grows. Your wage has been converted to the price level of the ongoing year.
This calculator will calculate the amount of your earnings-related pension. It doesn’t calculate your partial old-age pension or your disability or years-of-service pensions. If you are 55 or older this year, the calculator will also calculate the amount of your national and guarantee pensions, if you qualify for them. You can estimate your pension using this calculator if you were born between 1951 and 2002.
The calculator will calculate your pension based on the wage you’ve entered into it and the laws that are valid in 2020. To get an estimation that is as close to the truth as possible, enter the amount of your earnings-related pension pot that you’ve earned by the end of 2019. The amount is stated on your pension record. Your final pension cannot be calculated until just before you retire.
If you are a wage earner, your pension pot will start to grow as of age 17. If you are self-employed, the age limit is 18. The calculator will calculate your earned pension as of age 17 and under the assumption that you will not retire early. The calculator will calculate your pension to the age of 70 at the most, at which time you can no longer earn more pension.
The calculator calculates your pension under the assumption that the earned pension you have entered into it has been adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient and does not include an increment for late retirement. If you have already reached your retirement age, the pension you have earned may include an increment for late retirement.
Calculator’s assumptions on wage development and extended life expectancy
The calculator takes into account the general wage development in Finland, that is, the change in average wages of wage earners. The general wage development affects the pension amount through the wage coefficient. The wage coefficient used to adjust the pension to the level of the year in which you retire is calculated based on the general wage development and the development in prices.
You can select between two different future general wage developments The option in which the general wage and price level remains unchanged corresponds to the pension record’s baseline projection of your pension. The option in which the wage level grows corresponds to the Finnish Centre for Pensions’ baseline assumption in its long term projection. According to that baseline assumption, the earnings level grows, real term, by 1.5 per cent each year. The near-future economic outlook has been taken better into account in the calculator now than before.
Your own wage development is tied to the type of general wage development you have selected. The calculator assumes that your earnings grow each year in line with the wage coefficient. That is why your earnings grow slightly less than the average wages of wage earners since the wage coefficient takes into account 80% of the general growth in earnings.
The calculator gives your estimated pension in current prices. The euro amount thus reflects the effect of the wage coefficient adjustment and the growth of your own earnings on your pensions’ purchasing power.
The extended life expectancy that affects the projected retirement ages and life expectancy coefficient are based on the population forecast of Statistics Finland.
The assumptions used by the calculator regarding the life expectancy coefficient, the retirement age and the general earnings and price development are listed in this excel file.
Each birth year group has its own retirement age. The retirement age for those born in 1965 and later is based on the currently estimated life expectancy. The projection is based on Statistics Finland’s population forecast for 2019. Read more about how the retirement ages are determined
Earning a pension and age at when your insurance obligation ends
Your earnings-related pension pot grows by 1.5 per cent of your annual earnings. If you are between 53 and 62 years old, your pension pot will grow by 1.7% of your annual gross wages between the years 2017 and 2025. If you retire late (after you have reached your retirement age), your pension will be increased by an increment for late retirement (0.4% for each month that you retire late).
The age when you stop paying pension insurance and your pension pot no longer grows will rise from 68 to 69 (for those born between 1958 and 1961) and 70 (for those born in 1962 and after).
Life expectancy coefficient
When you retire, your pension pot will be adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient, which depends on your year of birth. The life expectancy coefficient for your age group will be confirmed when you turn 62 years. If you are younger than that, it is an estimate. The estimate is based on Statistics Finland’s population forecast for 2019.
When the amount of your starting pension is calculated, your income from work and self-employment during your working life will be adjusted with the wage coefficient to the level of the year in which you retire. The wage coefficient ensures that the pension you have earned during your working life retains its value. The wage coefficient takes into account 80% of the changes the index of wage and salary earnings and 20% of the changes in the consumer price index.
You can get a national or guarantee pension from Kela if you have no or only a small earnings-related pension. Every euro of earnings-related pension that you get will reduce your full national pension by 50 cents until there is no national pension left to pay. Your national pension depends on whether you live alone or with a spouse. You get a guarantee pension if your total pension is below the full amount of the guarantee pension. Apart from the earnings-related pension, the calculator does not take into account other pensions that may affect your national or guarantee pension.
All components of your earnings-related pension do not reduce your national pension. The increment for late retirement does not reduce your national pension, but the calculator takes all other components of your earnings-related pension into account as factors reducing your national pension.
In the national pension scheme, the retirement age is 65 years. As of those born in 1965, the retirement age will be linked to life expectancy, just as in the earnings-related pension scheme. The calculator counts the reduction for early retirement (0.4% per month that you take the pension early) for both the national and the guarantee pension if you retire before you reach the retirement age of the national pension. The calculator also calculates an increase for late retirement if you retire after reaching the retirement age of the national pension. If you were born before 1962, the increment for late retirement is 0.6% for each month that you postpone your retirement and 0.4% if you were born in 1962 or after.
The calculator calculates your Kela pension providing you have lived long enough in Finland to qualify for a full national pension (80% of the time between you turned 16 and when you retire).
In the future, the national and the guarantee pension are expected to develop in line with the price index. In real terms, the Kela pension is at the current level in the calculator.
For more information on the national pension and the guarantee pension, go to Kela’s website.
By year-end 2019, the different age groups had accrued a median pension as shown in the table below. This means that half of each age group had accrued a higher and half a lower pension than the figure shown in the table for the age group. The accrued median pension has been presented separately for men, women and the combined total.
The accrued pensions have been adjusted with the wage coefficient to the 2020 level and multiplied with the life expectancy coefficient for each birth year.
The data of the table can be used in the calculator, for example, as an estimate of the previously accrued pension. For a more detailed information on your own accrued pension, check your pension record.
Estimate of the accrued pension at year-end 2019, median, €/month
The statistics includes data of persons who reside in Finland, are insured for an earnings-related pension and who have not retired. The accrued pension for each age group is based on the data for year-end 2018. It has been adjusted to the level at year-end 2019 according to each age group’s previous development.