There are two survivors’ pensions: the surviving spouse’s pension and the orphan’s pension. These pensions replace income that is lost when a family wage earner dies.
You can apply for the surviving spouse’s pension with form 7004e. If you apply for an orphan’s pension, please apply for the pension with form 7005e (separate form for each child). You can apply for survivors’ pensions from the earnings-related and the national pension schemes at the same time.
You can apply for the survivors’ pension retroactively for six months (excluding thee month in which you apply for the pension). For valid reasons, you may apply retroactively for a longer period of time.
The survivors’ pension is based on the pension of your spouse or registered partner who has died. If they were not retired when they died, the pension is based on the value of the disability pension that they would have got on the day of their death.
Survivors’ pension from abroad
You can get a survivors’ pension from abroad also if, at some point during their working life, your deceased spouse or parent has worked or lived in
- an EU/EEA country,
- Switzerland, or
- a country with which Finland has signed a bilateral social security agreement.
Apply for survivors’ pensions from these country with the same forms that you apply for the survivors’ pensions from Finland. Attach Appendix U to your application.