Your earnings-related pension is calculated based on your income from work or self-employment for each year of your working life.
If you are an employee, your pension is based on your annual gross earnings. If you are self-employed, your pension is based on your confirmed income from self-employment.
Each year, your pension will grow at a rate of 1.5% of your annual income. During a transition period from 2017 to 2025, your will accrue a pension of 1.7% if you are an employee or a self-employed person between the ages of 53 and 62 years.
You can earn a pension up to the age when your insurance obligation ends. This “upper” age limit is five years above your retirement age.
How your pension will grow based on your annual gross earnings:
|Example: How much pension funds you will earn in one year|
|Your annual gross earnings||€40,000|
|Your pension will grow at a rate of||1.5%|
|Amount of the monthly pension you earn||€40,000 x 1.5% ÷ 12 months = €50/month|
The life expectancy coefficient will affect the amount of your earnings-related pension. It cuts starting pensions depending on how the average life expectancy develops.
Disability pension includes a projected pension component
The disability pension amount consists of the pension funds you have accrued up to the time of retirement and a projected pension component. The projected pension component compensates the pension that you have not accrued based on your wages because you have had to retire on a disability pension before reaching your retirement age.
If you have lost your ability to work at a young age, a considerable part of your pension may be made up of the projected pension component.
In practice, the projected pension component is calculated from the beginning of the year in which you became disabled to the end of the month in which you reach your retirement age.
Read more about the disability pension
Use pension calculator when planning your retirement
You can use the pension calculator to estimate your future pension. The amount of your estimated pension is a proximate amount, based on the current projections of the average life expectancy. To make full use of the calculator, check your pension record to see how much pension you have accrued so far.
Use the pension calculator to estimate how much pension you will receive.
Target retirement age is not calculated for people born after .
The pension is in the price level of the ongoing year.
Chosen retirement age
Test how the age at which you retire affects your pension estimate.
This calculator will calculate the amount of your earnings-related pension. It doesn’t calculate your partial old-age pension or your disability or years-of-service pensions. If you are 55 or older this year, the calculator will also calculate the amount of your national and guarantee pensions, if you qualify for them. You can estimate your pension using this calculator if you were born between 1954 and 2005.
The calculator will calculate your pension based on the wage you’ve entered into it and the laws that are valid in 2023. To get an estimation that is as close to the truth as possible, enter the amount of your earnings-related pension pot that you’ve earned by the end of 2022. The amount is stated on your pension record. Your final pension cannot be calculated until just before you retire.
If you are a wage earner, your pension pot will start to grow as of age 17. If you are self-employed, the age limit is 18. The calculator will calculate your earned pension as of age 17 and under the assumption that you will not retire early. The calculator will calculate your pension to the age of 70 at the most, at which time you can no longer earn more pension.
The calculator calculates your pension under the assumption that the earned pension you have entered into it has been adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient and does not include an increment for late retirement. If you have already reached your retirement age, the pension you have earned may include an increment for late retirement.
Calculator’s assumptions on wage development and extended life expectancy
You can select between two different future general wage developments in this calculator. The option in which the wage level remains unchanged corresponds to the pension record’s baseline projection of your pension. The option in which the wage level grows corresponds to the Finnish Centre for Pensions’ baseline assumption in its long-term projection.
According to that baseline assumption, the earnings level grows, real term, by 1.2 per cent each year. The near-future economic outlook has been taken more closely into account in the calculator. The wage coefficient that your pension is adjusted with to the level of the year in which your pension begins is calculated based on the general wage and price development. Long-term, the real-term annual development is around 1.0%.
The calculator assumes that your earnings grow each year in line with the wage coefficient. That is why your earnings grow slightly less than the average wages of wage earners since the wage coefficient takes into account 80% of the general growth in earnings.
The calculator gives your estimated pension in current prices. The euro amount thus reflects the effect of the wage coefficient adjustment and the growth of your own earnings on your pensions’ purchasing power.
The extended life expectancy that affects the projected retirement ages and life expectancy coefficient are based on the population forecast of Statistics Finland.
The assumptions used by the calculator regarding the life expectancy coefficient, the retirement age and the general earnings and price development are listed in this excel file.
Each birth year group has its own retirement age. The retirement age for those born in 1965 and later is based on the currently estimated life expectancy. The projection is based on Statistics Finland’s population forecast for 2021. Read more about how the retirement ages are determined
Earning a pension and age at when your insurance obligation ends
Your earnings-related pension pot grows by 1.5 per cent of your annual earnings. If you are between 53 and 62 years old, your pension pot will grow by 1.7% of your annual gross wages between the years 2017 and 2025. If you retire late (after you have reached your retirement age), your pension will be increased by an increment for late retirement (0.4% for each month that you retire late).
The age when you stop paying pension insurance and your pension pot no longer grows will rise from 68 to 69 (for those born between 1958 and 1961) and 70 (for those born in 1962 and after).
Life expectancy coefficient
When you retire, your pension pot will be adjusted with the life expectancy coefficient, which depends on your year of birth. The life expectancy coefficient for your age group will be confirmed when you turn 62 years. If you are younger than that, it is an estimate. The estimate is based on Statistics Finland’s population forecast for 2021.
When the amount of your starting pension is calculated, your income from work and self-employment during your working life will be adjusted with the wage coefficient to the level of the year in which you retire. The wage coefficient ensures that the pension you have earned during your working life retains its value. The wage coefficient takes into account 80% of the changes the index of wage and salary earnings and 20% of the changes in the consumer price index.
You can get a national or guarantee pension from Kela if you have no or only a small earnings-related pension. Every euro of earnings-related pension that you get will reduce your full national pension by 50 cents until there is no national pension left to pay. Your national pension depends on whether you live alone or with a spouse. You get a guarantee pension if your total pension is below the full amount of the guarantee pension. Apart from the earnings-related pension, the calculator does not take into account other pensions that may affect your national or guarantee pension.
All components of your earnings-related pension do not reduce your national pension. The increment for late retirement does not reduce your national pension, but the calculator takes all other components of your earnings-related pension into account as factors reducing your national pension.
In the national pension scheme, the retirement age is 65 years. As of those born in 1965, the retirement age will be linked to life expectancy, just as in the earnings-related pension scheme. The calculator counts the reduction for early retirement (0.4% per month that you take the pension early) for both the national and the guarantee pension if you retire before you reach the retirement age of the national pension. The calculator also calculates an increase for late retirement if you retire after reaching the retirement age of the national pension. If you were born before 1962, the increment for late retirement is 0.6% for each month that you postpone your retirement and 0.4% if you were born in 1962 or after.
The calculator calculates your Kela pension providing you have lived long enough in Finland to qualify for a full national pension (80% of the time between you turned 16 and when you retire).
In the future, the national and the guarantee pension are expected to develop in line with the price index. In real terms, the Kela pension is at the current level in the calculator.
For more information on the national pension and the guarantee pension, go to Kela’s website.
By year-end 2022, the different age groups had accrued a median pension as shown in the table below. This means that half of each age group had accrued a higher and half a lower pension than the figure shown in the table for the age group. The accrued median pension has been presented separately for men, women and the combined total.
The accrued pensions have been adjusted with the wage coefficient to the 2023 level and multiplied with the life expectancy coefficient for each birth year.
The data of the table can be used in the calculator, for example, as an estimate of the previously accrued pension. For a more detailed information on your own accrued pension, check your pension record.
Estimate of the accrued pension at year-end 2022, median, €/month
The statistics includes data of persons who reside in Finland, are insured for an earnings-related pension and who have not retired. The accrued pension for each age group is based on the data for year-end 2021. It has been adjusted to the level at year-end 2022 according to each age group’s previous development.